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Ganamrutha Bodhini: A Guide to Learn Carnatic Music in Tamil
Ganamrutha Bodhini is a book written by A. S. Panchapakesa Iyer, a renowned musicologist and teacher of Carnatic music. The book is designed to teach the basics of Carnatic music to beginners in a simple and systematic way. The book covers topics such as swaras, ragas, talas, gamakas, alankaras, varnams, kritis and other musical forms. The book also contains exercises and examples to help the students practice and improve their skills.
The book is available in Tamil and English languages, and can be downloaded as a PDF file from various online sources[^1^] [^2^]. The book is also published by Ganamrutha Prachuram and Karnatic Music Book Centre in Madras[^1^]. The book is widely used by students and teachers of Carnatic music across the world.Carnatic Music: A Brief History
Carnatic music has a long and rich history that can be traced back to the ancient Hindu texts and traditions. The origin of Carnatic music is said to be in Karnataka, hence the name Carnatic music. [^4^] The earliest known treatise on Carnatic music is the Sangeetha Rathnakara, written by Saranga Deva in the 13th century AD. [^3^] The book describes the theory and practice of Carnatic music, including the concepts of sruti, svara, raga, tala, gamaka, alankara and various musical forms.
Carnatic music was influenced by the Bhakti movement, a pan-Indian devotional movement that emerged in the 15th and 16th centuries. The Bhakti movement gave rise to many saint-poets and composers who wrote and sang songs in praise of various Hindu deities in regional languages. Some of the prominent composers of this period are Purandaradasa, Annamacharya, Kanakadasa, Narayana Tirtha and Bhadrachala Ramadasa. These composers are considered to be the pioneers of Carnatic music, as they laid the foundation for its structure and grammar. [^4^]
The golden age of Carnatic music was in the 18th and 19th centuries, when the Trinity of Carnatic music composed their masterpieces. The Trinity consists of Tyagaraja, Muthuswami Dikshitar and Syama Sastri, who are regarded as the greatest composers of Carnatic music. They enriched the Carnatic repertoire with thousands of kritis (compositions) in various ragas (melodic modes) and talas (rhythmic cycles). They also introduced new forms such as ragam-tanam-pallavi and tillana. Their compositions are still sung and played by Carnatic musicians today. [^1^] [^2^]Carnatic Music: Modern Trends
Carnatic music has undergone many changes and innovations in the past century, especially in the past decade. Some of the trends that have emerged in Carnatic music are:
The use of technology and social media to promote and disseminate Carnatic music. Many Carnatic musicians have created their own websites, blogs, podcasts, YouTube channels, Facebook pages and Twitter accounts to reach out to a wider audience and share their music and views. Some of them also use online platforms such as Skype and Zoom to teach Carnatic music to students across the world. [^1^]
The fusion of Carnatic music with other genres of music, such as jazz, rock, pop, folk and world music. Many Carnatic musicians have collaborated with musicians from other traditions and cultures to create new musical expressions and experiments. Some of the examples of such fusion projects are Shakti, Remember Shakti, Indian Ocean, Raghu Dixit Project, Bombay Jayashri's Thaalam, T.M. Krishna's Poromboke Paadal and Aruna Sairam's Margazhi Raagam. [^1^]
The revival and exploration of rare and ancient ragas and compositions in Carnatic music. Many Carnatic musicians have taken up the challenge of learning and performing ragas and compositions that are not commonly heard or taught in the mainstream Carnatic repertoire. Some of them have also composed new kritis in these ragas and revived old ones. Some of the examples of such rare ragas are Nalinakanti, Chenchurutti, Narayanagaula, Malavi, Surya and Kannadagowla. [^1^]
The social and political activism of Carnatic musicians. Some Carnatic musicians have used their music as a medium to express their views on various social and political issues, such as environmentalism, human rights, caste discrimination, gender equality and secularism. Some of them have also faced criticism and backlash from certain sections of society for their outspokenness and dissent. Some of the examples of such activist musicians are T.M. Krishna, Bombay Jayashri, Sikkil Gurucharan, Nithyashree Mahadevan and Sudha Ragunathan. [^1^] ec8f644aee